Transcription of the manuscript by Joseph
Hebden, No. 248, sometime Hospital sergeant with the 35th
Note on inside cover: Ann born
at 10 minutes past two p.m. 13th April 1834 J.H.
A sketch of my travels since I left my
Uncle Anthony - my cause for doing so I had better keep it for
quietness but I had very good reason to my thinking…. I
resolved to face the world for a better place, but a worse I
knew I could not meet with.
On Sunday 30th April (1826) at
5pm I went out for a walk, and returning about 9 o’clock and
finding the door locked I came away and then resolved to leave
Whittle in Lancashire I went to Preston in the same County. It
was about 11 o’clock, I got into a stable for the purpose of
taking rest. The kind farmer gave me a good supper and told me I
need not fear I should take no harm. I laid me down and he
covered me with three or four bundles of straw. Next morning, 1st
May 1826 I left this farmhouse and though the day I look about
me in Preston. About 1 o’clock I left Preston and got on the
Lancaster Road for Lancaster; I laid me down about 11 o’clock in
a barn between Preston and Lancaster fear of the farmer hearing
me, I got out about 2 o’clock the next morning the 2nd
of May and meeting with a friend that gave me a part of his
breakfast I told him that I was looking for work. He took me in
a publick house in Lancaster & gave me a part with him. I then
went through Lancaster and between Lancaster and Skipton I slept
all night in a haystack.
On the 3rd of May I went through
Skipton and being overdone for want of rest &a I sat down on a
stone a little way from Appletree Wick I was wakened by a farmer
that was going for hire and he asked me what I was about. I told
him that I was out of work, he then asked me to go with him. I
did so, and stopped with him until the 3rd June. My
work with him for this month was to look after the cattle, go
with a cart, and drive the horses before the plough; on the 1st
June he had no more to set me to 1st. I then left
this place and went to Rippon. It was Rippon Fair. I stopt in
the streets of Rippon all night. Early on the 2nd I
was on my way to Leeds. I got into a wagon and rode about 14
miles between this and Leeds. I slept in a Haystack.
On the 3rd in Leeds I went in a
field and slept about 3 hours on my way to a small village. I
slept at the side of some brick hills in Seacroft all night. I
stopt there all Sunday the 4th June 1826 and on the 5th
June I went to York through Tadcaster and in a barn the outside
of York from Leeds I slept on a stool. I suppose it was the milk
stool. On the morning of the 6th I came to York again
and thinking to enlist.
I went to a soldier of the 2nd
Queens. He said I was to low I then came away and not knowing
what to be at I tried to get work but could not get any. I then
came out of York and on my way back to Leeds I thought I had
better enlist. I got into Leeds about 5 o’clock and meeting with
a traveler he told me he would find a man who would enlist me,
so I went with him about 7 o’clock. I was enlisted for the 60th
Rifles and not being tall enough I was the next day the 7th
June handed over to Sergeant Clough for the 35th
Regiment. I was then inspected by the Medical gentleman or
Surgeon at Horse Bks. I was attested the same evening at 6pm for
the 35th Regiment. I then being a soldier I got as
billet at the Sign of the Pine apple 6th June 1826
where I then remained until 6th July.
Morning of the 6th July along with
41 other recruits to Wakefield.
7th July: To Barnsley.
8th July: To Sheffield. Whe stopt
here all Sunday. I sold my billet as the landlady did not like
our Compy moony. My present comrade who was both a
little simple and knew nothing of Sheffield who stopt both
Saturday and Sunday night by some brick hills by the houses. On
the morning of 10th July 1826 to Chesterfield.
Remained 16 at Lutterworth
17th July to Southam
18th “ “ Banbury
19th July 1826 to Dunchurch
20th “ “ to Woodstock
21st “ “ Habingdon
22nd “ “ Market
23rd Stoped it being Sunday
24th July 1826 Newbury
25th “ “ Whitchurch
26th “ “ Whinchester
Went into Barracks and got a part of my
regimental necessaries the same evening. Stopt in Whinchester
until the 2nd August 1826 at 2am I was ordered on
fatigue to help load the baggage wagon and about 5 o’clock am
marched out of Winchester for Bishop Walton and stopt all night.
Early on the morning of 3rd of August 1826 marched
through Wickham and halted at Farnham for breakfast after
breakfast to fort-mongton Barracks.
3rd August 1826 – stopt here until
the 6th of Novr and then relieved by the
28th Depot and whent to Forton Barracks.
I stopt there under orders for the West
Indies on the 2nd Decr 1826. Embarked on
board the Marshall Bennett for to spit Head whe remained
at spit Head until the 15th on account of the wind
being so much against us when on the 15th it blew
fair for us and whe set sail. Whe saw Madeira about the 9th
day or 26th December, where whe was becalmed; For 3
days we sailed then, without meeting anything particular untill
the 17th January 1827 and about midday hearing a gun
fire thought whe was going to be attacked with a pirot. Our
captain ordered all the men to be armed ready in number about
180 men; 80 and 20 men belonging to the 35th and 80
men belonging to the 27th and 20 men belonging to
the 60th Rifles, but unfortunately it turned out to
be a French brig that was sinking. 2 or 3 of their hands had
taken the jolly boat to sea and left others in her, which of
course would soon have sunk in the deep. Our Captain aild her
and hearing what she was, the first mate and about six other
sailors whent on board of her, among those 6 that whent the
carpenter was one. Our captain of course came back to his own
vessel, the Marshall Bennett, and laid to all night. Her crew,
all of them came on board and left the vessel to the first mate
and six men. However next morning there was a little hope, they
had got the water all cleared off the deck, Next day, I believe
there was only two foot of water between the decks.
Our Captain, considering her then safe, told
the first mate to steer for St. Vincent, he said he would steer
for Barbadoes. Whe then parted and arrived in Barbadoes Harbour
or Carlish Bay in West Indies on Saturday 20th
January 1827. Whe laid in Barbadoes Harbour untill 23rd
The 60th Rifles whent on shore in
Barbadoes, but no other, on the 23rd at 8 p.m.
Sailed for St. Lucia on the 24th.
Early on the morning of the 25th
close by Pigeon Island.
Anchored in St. Lucia Harbour at ½ past ten
a.m. 25th January 1827, and disembarked in the
afternoon at 3 o’clock the same day.
I was then attached to the Light Infantry
Company a week, and then put to No.3 (company) - had been broken
up before the arrival of this detachment and of course this
company was formed again. The whole of this 80 recruits was
confined to Barracks for two years. At first, during my first
year in the West Indies I do not know as anythink worth notice
occurred. It was a very sickly season and I suppose about 20 of
this 80 men soon became no more in the world. Thank God I never
had any sickness worth notice up to my first Christmas Day in St
Lucia and on the 25th December 1827 I was cook for my
second and last time in No.3 Compy, previous to my promotion
commencing on the 14th January 1828. I was appointed
to Lance Corporal in No. 3 Company & this being the first step
of promotion Endeavoured to keep it. There was 4 more appointed
at the same time; viz – Bootheroyd, J. Sweeden and W. Sweeden,
Renshaw, of these the latter is the only one that got to
Sergeant. This first B, has since been reduced from Corporal and
14th January 1834 is doing Pt duty the
Sergt. died in Barbado after the hurricane in Barbado
also J.S and W.S. has been since dischd by purchase by Capt.
Karr who has resired the Service. After doing duty until the 12th
April 1828 at St. Lucia, I was ordered to Pigeon Island on the
12th to relieve Sgt. Naylor.
I was now attached to the Grenadiers to act
as the Sergt. I was relieving to pay them &a which of course I
did – also about 45 men of No.3 doing this with every
satisfaction to Sergts Yates and Lovitt. I was made full
Corporal on the 18th September 1828, and on the 2nd
October1828 sent to St. Lucia to do duty as before with my
Company. In this year there was a great scarsity of water. The
military labourer was ordered to fetch water about three miles
from the barracks for the troops, but nothing particular
occurred in my time in St. Lucia. I was appointed Sergeant in
No.2 Company and to be under orders for Dominica.
On the 4th July 1829, I embarked
on board the Duke of York, a brigantine so called, along with 6
taylors and 5 more Sergts belonging to this Corps, who arrived
in Dominica on the 5th July and disembarked the same
day 1829. A few days after my arrival, I was taken very ill with
bowel complaint or dysentery chronic; from which I did not
recover on this island. On the 24th February in tents
in Dominica for the 93rd to take over the Barracks,
and on the 25th February 1830 embarked on board a
transport ship called the William Harris and sailed at 7pm the
26th February 1830 for Barbadoes.
27th February: In close to
28th February: Near the Diadem
1st March: “
“ “ “ Close to Martinique also this day, beating
about against the current.
2nd Across to St. Lucia
3rd Back again to Diadem Rock and
4th between St Lucia and
5th Out of sight of these two
6th March 1830; Arrived in
Barbadoes Harbour at 4pm Saturday, and on Sunday 7th
March 1830 disembarked at 7am and went into the Stone Barracks.
The Hd. Quarters embarked at St Lucia on the 12th and
arrived in Barbadoes on the 13th March 1830. Our
Sergts gave a ball to the Sergts. of the 27th on the
2nd June 1830, the Sergts. of the 27th
gave a ball on the 23rd June 1830. I think both of
theses were the best compys. That I ever met with in the army.
On the 29th June a pass to
On the 1st July a Letter from my
sister dated 29th.
On the 1st July a letter from my
father dated Manchester post on the 31st May 1830.
6th July on the King’s House Guard I saw the
flagstaff hoisted up by the military labourers. It is about 30
feet high and just opposite to the King’s House, attended by two
of the Artillery.
The letter of readiness read to us on Parade
on the evening of 12th August for Portsmouth England.
Received a letter from John Greenhalgh of the First Royal
Regiment of Trinidad on the 18th August 1830.
On the 1st October 1830 appointed
Hospital Sergeant in place of Sergt Rice who took my company
duty but had very little charge of the hospital. AST Murry had
all the charge and everything himself. Of course, I had very
little to do with anything at that time.
Map of the West Indies and
Barbados, where Joseph Hebden arrived on the 20th January 1827,
and left for Portsmouth on the 23 February 1832, arriving in
Portsmouth on the 21st March 1832
On the 9th December 1830 I began
courting with a Servant of the Commanding Officer’s Lady, and
asked leaf to marry on the 24th January 1831. I was
married on the 5th May in my own room or quarters at
the hospital. Her maiden name was Jane Brown, a native of Whitby
in Yorkshire, England.
On 11th August 1831 a dreadful
hurricane came on about 2am and the wind blew so strong as all
the Hospital fell in. Also, every house that stood on the island
was either unroofed or totally blown to the ground. I suppose
the soldiers’ barracks was about the strongest buildings on the
Island, except the King’s House, and these were all blown down.
The houses of the town principally consisted of wood – of course
these were soon blown away, but I do not know that it was so
safe in a brick house, for it even blew the trees of the island
up by the roots. For instance, about five large tamrin trees
were blown up in the Hospital yard. A good many of the men
escaped under them. The Regiment on the 11th August
1831 pitched camps and stoped in them until the 7th
December 1831. The recovery transport arrived in Barbadoes on
the 18th December with the Hd Quarters of the 69th
On 19th December 1831 sailed for
On 4th February 1832 Recovery
arrived in Barbadoes from the Leward with the Hd Quarters of the
93rd. The head Quarters of the 35th
Regiment at Barbadoes embarked on board the recovery transport
on the 11th February 1832 and sailed for St. Lucia.
on the same day at 4pm.
On 12th February at 10am in
Harbour at St Lucia. Left St Lucia at 5pm for the Leward islands
13th February 1832 past Dominica,
14th Monserat, Nevis St Kitts
Stacia Sabo. Laid to all night.
15th February 1832, In St. Kitts
harbour – for the purpose of taking some stores.
18th Inst, on shore at St. Kitts.
Received from Saml. Whitely, Lance Bombardier of the Artillery,
a carved cocanut. I was in company with Pt. Padgett a tailor
and Sergt Duckworth of the Artillery also Act. or master Sergt
Gipp of the 86th Regt. I was on prince Wales battery
or Basthill and Fort Georges Battery up 27 Steps East place of
arms Battery west place of arms Battery Barrier Bast Hill and
Lower Battery Monky Hill Battery. I was then shown into the
Barracks of the Artillery. The main tanks 3 in number and Green
tank. I was round the officers’ quarters and the whent down to
the Hospital to receive some medicine for the use of our ship
and then on board.
On the 20th sailed from St. Kitts
past Stacia Sabo and Low Islands.
21st past some low islands called
Virgin Isles. Whe was very near on the sands near thes Islands.
Whe arrived in Tattoola this same day. Laid in Tattoola one day
and rwo nights and sailed early on the morning of the 23rd
for Portsmouth. A very good breeze at the rate of 12 nots and
24th 12 nots an hour
25th 12 nots an hour
Calm about 3 knots an hour
1st March 1832 calm until about 6
pm a breeze about 8 nots an hour. At 8pm, wind fair 12 knots an
2nd good breeze
3rd good breeze
4th A good strong breeze
5th Strong breeze very rough
6th very strong wind
7th very strong wind
8th good breeze, 12 nots
9th from 14 to 16 nots an hour
10th good wind. – This wind
continued favourable and on the morning of 19th March
in sight of land at 8 am. One of the King’s Pilots came on board
to conduct us through The Needles. Whe whent through The Needles
at 10pm. At anchor in Mother Banks near Isle of Wight at 11
o’clock pm. On the morning of 20th March 1832 in
Currentone. Our Currentone flag was pulled down at 2 o’clock
On 21st towed into Portsmouth
Harbour by a steam packet. I went on shore to Portsmouth the
same evening. On the morning of the 22nd the
regiment disembarked to Forton Barracks.
Remained in Gosport at Forton Barracks until
12th may, when a sudden rout came and ordered the
Regiment to march in two hours time this Saturday at 11 o’clock.
The Regiment was marched out of the Barracks at one, same day to
Bishupwalton. Subday to Whinchester, 14th to Farnham
and get breakfast, then to Alton and stopt all night.
15th Alford, breakfast, and then
to Bagshot – stopt here until Tuesday 22nd May 1832,
at 8 we marched for Windsor. Stopt in Windsor all night, 23rd
to high wicomb.
24th to Ailsbury
26th Stoney Stratford,
stopt all Sunday 27th - 28th to
Northampton to Barracks. Stopt here until the morning of the 10th
July, I then went to Weedon and took over the Hospital at Weedon.
10th July 1832, The
Regiment then got the rout for Manchester in Lancashire:
On 19th July I then had
charge of the sick with the baggage by cannel we arrived in
Manchester on the morning of the 28th July on
Saturday. Remained all Sunday.
On Monday 29th to
Bolton. I stopt all night at the Horse Shoe in Bank Street.
On 31st July 1832 to Blackburn.
Remained in Blackburn until the 2nd May
3rd May I then whent to
Chorley. My sister and wife went to Bolton along with my father.
I stopt in Chorley all the 4th and took the coach on
the 5th for Preston and then to Ormskirk. The same
day I saw PC McDonnell Laying about two miles from this town
after shooting himself –
On the 6th May to
Liverpool and embarked on board the steamer Earl of Roden for
Dublin and sailed about 7 o’clock in the evening. About 12 at
night a very strong breeze blew and took away the topmast. Whe
arrived safe in Dublin about ½ past 7pm on the 7th
May and disembarked the same night to the Royal Barracks. The
colours of the 35th Regiment was presented by Lady
Genl Vivian on the 21st July 1834 in
Hibernian School Yard, in the Phoenix Park , Dublin.
Remained in Dublin until the 25th
October. On the 25th to Neece, stopt all Sunday the
On the 27th to Arthy
On the 28th October 1834
to Abeleyx. Remained here at Abeliyx 29th.
On the 30th to Templemore,
the Headquarters. Stopt all night at Rathdowney.
I arrived at Templemore on the 31st
October 1834. Templemore is a very riotous place, though a very
small village. I left Templemore on the morning of 6th
April 1835 in the coach to Dublin. Arrived in Dublin the same
day at 7pm. And whent up to Sergt. Pratt 3rd Dragoon
Guards, and stopt all night. Whent up and down Dublin next day 8th
April until 5pm when whe embarked on the steamer for England.
Arrived in Liverpool next morning at 5 am the 9th
April 1835. Then got my luggage up to the railway and got in
Bolton at 12 o’clock the same day. I stopt a few days at my
father’s and then took a house and began to sawe with Fredk
I worked a few months with him, and
the whent to Ormrod’s factory on sawing for 7 or 8 weeks and
then whent to Whitifield a working but nothing more particular
until the 30th April 1836 when I made an agreement
with William Sower for 2 years as a joiner. I only stopt better
than 12 months with Mr Sower on consequence of his not having
any work. I then whent to Mr. Walsh’s shop and only stopt 4
weeks in consequence of wages. I then whent to Mr. Baron’s where
I got £1. 2sh per week and work being slack obliged to leave. I
was then out of work a few weeks and on the 4th of
October set off on a tramp with 7 shillings in my pocket arrived
in Bolton the same day, being Wednesday, and stopt all night.
On the 5th whent to Bury
to Limefield Factory about 3 miles towards Manchester and then
to Rotchdale same day and stopt all night.
On the 6th to Halifax and
then got 3d. of Bread and Cheese and then to Leeds 32 miles from
Rochdale. Arrived in Leeds about 9pm, and being rather low in
pocket, walked all night to York. Arrived in York about 7am
instant and rather tired, having come from Rotchdale to Halifax
16 miles; Halifax to Leeds 16 miles; and from Leeds to York 24
miles. To a farm 2 miles from the latter York being 58 miles
without rest and on 3d. of bread and cheese. I asked the farmer
to allow me to sleep a few hours in his barn, which I did, I got
up about 12 the same day 7th October 1837 and walked
about 6 miles and slept and has 3d. of bread and cheese and 2
glasses of Ale and then whent to Malton 19 miles from York, and
from Malton to Pickering 9 miles the same day and stopt all
night at the Blue Bell in Pickering and had 2 or 3 glasses of
Ale at night. On the morning of the 8th October, set
out for Whitby 21 miles from Pickering and got 3d. of bread and
cheese at Psalters Gate and 2 glasses of Ale and got to Whitby
In Barber gate and whent to the
Angel Inn and had 1 glass of Ale, I then whent to find my mother
in law, but she was not in. I whent with my wife’s sister
Margaret, though a stranger, to where she was, I then enquired
after work but could get none. I then sent a letter for some
money to bring me back, and received it on Wednesday the 13th.
I went on the pier & sands and in the churchyard up 94 steps and
I think all over Whitby the few days I was in it. It is a very
small town though verry populous for the size of it.
I came from Whitby on the 14th
October same year by the railway to Pickering and by coach to
York I arrived in York about ½ past one and then walked to Leeds
about 24 miles same day 24th October 1837. I then
stopt all night at a very respectable lodging.
15th being Sunday stopt
all day in Leeds, I whent to the the Pine apple where I was
billeted in 1826 when I enlisted for a soldier and saw the same
landlord as when I left, but he did not know me.
Monday the 16th October
Left Leeds for Halifax and got in Halifax about 2 the same day
then got 3d. of Beer, whent forward to Rochdale and stopt all
night. I spent the last ½d. in Rochdale, coming home on the 17th
, got to Bolton at 2pm, got a good dinner at my father’s, I
stopt all night in Bolton and on the 18th came to
Here the narrative stops. Joseph
seems to have returned to the life of family man. His son John
was born in Bolton in 1838, and his descendants are still around
in the Stockport area.
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